How to Write a Letter of Intent for Commercial Lease

two people discussing paperwork

Navigating the commercial leasing process can be both exciting and challenging, especially for first-time tenants. A crucial step in securing the perfect space for your business is crafting a well-thought-out Letter of Intent (LOI). This document serves as a foundation for lease negotiations, helping to ensure that your interests are protected and your lease terms are favorable. In this guide, we will provide a comprehensive checklist to help future tenants prepare an effective LOI for a commercial space.

Understanding the Letter of Intent

Before diving into the details of preparing an LOI, it’s essential to understand its purpose and function. A Letter of Intent is a preliminary, non-binding document that outlines the key terms and conditions of a proposed commercial lease. It serves as a starting point for lease negotiations between a tenant and a landlord, allowing both parties to agree on essential elements before drafting a formal lease agreement.

The LOI is typically non-binding, meaning that either party can walk away from the negotiations without legal consequences if they cannot reach an agreement. However, some elements of the LOI, such as confidentiality clauses, may be binding. It’s important to consult with legal counsel if you’re unsure about the binding nature of any specific terms.

A successful LOI should include the following key components:

  1. Identification of the parties involved (tenant and landlord)
  2. Description of the property and its location
  3. Proposed lease terms, such as the length of the lease and rent amount
  4. Tenant improvement allowances and other relevant provisions

Preparing Your LOI: A Step-by-Step Checklist

Preparing a legal document with a lawyer

Creating a well-structured LOI is crucial for securing favorable lease terms. Use this comprehensive checklist to ensure you’ve covered all essential elements:

  1. Contact information and date: Include the names, addresses, and contact information for both the tenant and landlord, as well as the date of the LOI.
  2. Property description and location: Clearly describe the property, including its address, square footage, and any unique features or characteristics.
  3. Proposed lease term and commencement date: Specify the desired length of the lease and the anticipated start date of occupancy.
  4. Base rent and rent escalations: Detail the proposed base rent and any rent escalations, such as annual increases or adjustments based on the Consumer Price Index (CPI).
  5. Security deposit: Outline the amount and terms of the security deposit required by the landlord.
  6. Tenant improvements and build-out allowances: Describe any tenant improvements or build-outs that are needed and indicate whether the landlord will provide an allowance for these expenses.
  7. Renewal options and terms: Specify any options to renew the lease, including the length of the renewal term and the process for determining future rent amounts.
  8. Assignment and subletting rights: Define the tenant’s rights to assign the lease or sublet the premises, including any restrictions or conditions imposed by the landlord.
  9. Maintenance and repair responsibilities: Clarify the division of maintenance and repair responsibilities between the tenant and landlord.
  10. Signage and branding opportunities: Discuss any opportunities for exterior signage or branding, along with any associated costs or restrictions.
  11. Exclusive use provisions: If applicable, request an exclusive use provision to prevent the landlord from leasing nearby spaces to competitors.
  12. Contingencies and conditions precedent: List any contingencies or conditions that must be met before the lease becomes binding, such as financing approval or satisfactory inspections.
  13. Confidentiality clause: Include a confidentiality clause to ensure that the terms of the LOI remain private between the parties involved.
  14. Negotiation timeline and expiration date: Set a clear timeline for the negotiation process and include an expiration date for the LOI to maintain a sense of urgency.

The Importance of Market Research and Due Diligence

Thorough market research and due diligence are essential for crafting a compelling LOI that aligns with current market conditions and meets your business’s needs. Consider the following steps when conducting your research:

  1. Understanding the local commercial real estate market: Familiarize yourself with the local market, including average rental rates, vacancy levels, and trends affecting your specific industry or property type.
  2. Assessing comparable properties and lease terms: Research comparable properties in the area and analyze their lease terms to ensure your proposal is competitive and reasonable.
  3. Evaluating the property’s suitability for your business needs: Examine the property’s layout, location, and amenities to determine whether it will adequately support your business operations and growth plans.
  4. Conducting a thorough inspection of the premises: Schedule a professional inspection of the property to identify any potential issues or necessary repairs that should be addressed in the LOI.
  5. Leveraging market research to inform your LOI terms: Use the information gathered through your research to negotiate favorable lease terms that align with current market conditions and your business’s unique requirements.

By conducting comprehensive market research and due diligence, you’ll be better equipped to craft an LOI that maximizes your chances of securing an ideal commercial space. For practical examples of how to calculate the valuation of commercial properties, see our Commercial Property Valuation Calculation Examples post.

Tips for Crafting a Compelling LOI

A well-crafted LOI can significantly impact the success of your lease negotiations. Keep these tips in mind when preparing your document:

  1. Be clear and concise: Use clear language and straightforward terms to communicate your intentions and proposed lease terms. Avoid jargon or overly technical language that may be confusing to the landlord or their representative.
  2. Highlight your business strengths: Emphasize the unique strengths and attributes of your business, such as a solid financial history, strong customer base, or excellent credit rating, to increase your credibility and appeal as a potential tenant.
  3. Be realistic and flexible: While it’s essential to advocate for favorable lease terms, also be prepared to make reasonable compromises. Demonstrating flexibility can help facilitate a smoother negotiation process and establish a positive working relationship with the landlord.
  4. Seek professional advice when necessary: If you’re unsure about specific terms or aspects of the LOI, consult with a commercial real estate broker, attorney, or other experienced professionals to ensure your interests are adequately protected.

The LOI and Lease Negotiation Process

Once you’ve crafted a compelling LOI, the next steps involve submitting the document and navigating the negotiation process:

  1. Submitting the LOI to the landlord or their representative: Present your LOI to the landlord or their agent for review. Ensure the document is professionally formatted and free of errors to make a positive impression.
  2. Navigating counteroffers and revisions: The landlord may respond with a counteroffer or request revisions to your proposed terms. Carefully review any changes and be prepared to negotiate until both parties reach a mutually agreeable arrangement.
  3. Moving from the LOI to a binding lease agreement: Once both parties have agreed on the terms outlined in the LOI, the next step is to draft a formal lease agreement. This legally binding document will incorporate the agreed-upon terms and may include additional provisions, such as insurance requirements or dispute resolution procedures.

Throughout the negotiation process, maintain open communication with the landlord and their representatives, and be prepared to adjust your expectations as needed to secure a favorable lease agreement.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Navigating the commercial leasing process can raise many questions. Here are some frequently asked questions to provide additional guidance:

How long does the LOI process typically take? The LOI process can vary depending on factors such as the complexity of the lease terms and the responsiveness of the parties involved. Generally, it can take anywhere from a few days to several weeks to negotiate and finalize an LOI.

What happens if the landlord doesn’t accept my LOI? If the landlord doesn’t accept your initial LOI, they may present a counteroffer or request revisions to the proposed terms. You can choose to accept the counteroffer, make further revisions, or walk away from the negotiations if you’re unable to reach an agreement.

Can I change the terms of my LOI after submitting it? As the LOI is generally non-binding, it’s possible to make changes to the terms after submission. However, it’s essential to communicate any proposed revisions promptly and professionally, as frequent changes may hinder the negotiation process or damage your credibility as a potential tenant.

Is an LOI legally binding? An LOI is typically non-binding, meaning that either party can walk away from the negotiations without legal consequences if they cannot reach an agreement. However, some elements of the LOI, such as confidentiality clauses, may be binding. Consult with legal counsel if you’re unsure about the binding nature of any specific terms.

Should I hire a lawyer or broker to help with my LOI? Seeking professional advice from a commercial real estate broker or attorney can be beneficial, especially if you’re unfamiliar with the leasing process or specific legal terms. These professionals can help ensure your interests are adequately protected and guide you through the negotiation process.


Crafting a well-thought-out LOI is a critical step in securing the ideal commercial space for your business. By utilizing the comprehensive checklist provided, conducting thorough market research and due diligence, and employing effective negotiation strategies, you’ll be well-equipped to create a winning LOI that sets the stage for a favorable lease agreement. Remember, seeking professional advice when needed can further ensure your interests are protected throughout the leasing process.